Current Affairs

10 points to know about Juvenile Justice Bill

As pressure mounts on lawmakers to make sex crimes by minors more stringent, the Rajya Sabha on Tuesday is expected to discuss and pass the Juvenile Justice Bill. However, experts have warned of the proposed legislation violating certain constitutional rights. Here are the 10 highlights:
The Bill, which seeks to replace the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, permits juveniles between 16-18 years of age to be tried as adults for heinous offences

Any 16-18 year-old, who commits a serious offence may be tried as an adult only if he is apprehended after the age of 21 years

The Bill seeks to establish the Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB) and Child Welfare Committees (CWC) in each district of the country

The JJB will decide whether a juvenile offender is to be sent for rehabilitation, or be tried as an adult

Penalties for cruelty against a child, offering drugs to a child, or abduction or selling of a child have been prescribed

Experts differ on whether juveniles should be tried as adults. While some argue that the existing law is not a deterrent, others think a reformative approach prevents repeat offences

Trying a juvenile accused of a heinous offence as an adult could violate Article 14 (right to equality) and Article 21 (laws fair and reasonable for all)

By proposing a higher penalty for the same offence if the person is apprehended after 21, the JJB is also against the spirit of Article 20(1)

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child requires all signatory countries to treat every child under 18 as equal

Some penalties provided in the Bill are not in proportion to the gravity of the offence


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Readoo Staff

Readoo Staff

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